Answered By: Hayley Hughes
Last Updated: Jan 16, 2017     Views: 446

For a brief explanation of referencing basics, see this short presentation. 



Citations, or in-text citations, direct your reader to the sources you have used in your writing. Citations are signposts, that direct your reader to the reference list. As a result, citations are very short, often including only the author surname and year of publication and sometimes the page number. 

Every time you cite another author’s work, whether by quoting directly or paraphrasing ideas, you’re required to provide an in-text citation to acknowledge that work and to signpost your reader to your reference list. This might be, for example, when you are introducing a business model, or discussing significant research findings of others. You would not be expected to provide a citation for common knowledge such as dates of events or names of public figures, even if you’ve read about them in a book or article. Depending on your subject, you will follow a specific style guide, such as Harvard or APA, to assist you in creating accurate and uniformly formatted citations. 

Click here to see Roehampton's Referencing Guidelines.


For more information about why referencing is important, click here.

For information about how to use the Writing Centre for advice on how to improve your citing and referencing skills, click here.

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